Thursday, June 16, 2011

17th-18th century textual critics and commentators

Here's a quick list for further exploration:

John Rogers Pitman (1782-1861), English Anglican theologian, writer, editor, preacher, educator, wit, best known for A Critical Commentary and Paraphrase on the Old and New Testament and the Apocrypha.
Simon Patrick (1626-1707), English Anglican theologian, preacher, poet, writer, bishop of Chichester and Ely, works include the controversial, A Friendly Debate between a Conformist and a Nonconformist and its parts.

William Lowth (1660-1732) English Anglican theologian, writer, biblical scholar, rector of Buriton, Hampshire, father of Robert Lowth, works include various biblical commentaries, treatise, discourses and sermons.

Richard Arnald (1700-1756), English Anglican theologian, prebendary, works include The Parable of the Cedar and Thistle and commentary on the Apocryphal books published in continuation of Patrick and Lowth.

Moses Lowman (1680-1752), English dissenting clergyman, theologian, works include An Argument to Prove the Unity and Perfections of God A Priori, Paraphrase and Notes on the Revelation, and other commentaries.

Daniel Whitby (1638-1726), English Anglican theologian, writer and biographer, Arminian minister with Arian and Unitarian tendencies, anti-Calvinistic, wrote commentaries, systematized postmillennialism.

John Mill (1645-1707), English Anglican theologian, biblical scholar and textual critic, various readings numbering about thirty thousand, were attacked by Whitby in his Examen as destroying the validity of the text.

It is interesting (perhaps ironic) that Whitby (Arian and potential Unitarian) was a vocal objector to John Mill (conservative?) in regard to examining, collating and publishing manuscript variants.  Later, it would be the Unitarians that jumped on the bandwagon for extensive (over-)editing of the NT text, while the Trinitarians balked at the wild and irreverent handling of Holy Scripture.


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